Juni Begründung der Forderung nach einem zweiten Brexit-Referendum: "Wir wissen jetzt deutlich mehr als , was ein Austritt bedeuten würde. Dez. Ihre Meinung zu: Zweites Brexit-Referendum: May warnt vor Wovor hat Frau May Angst? Falls England in der EU verbleibt, würde das vor. Bei einem Referendum des Vereinigten Königreichs am Juni stimmten 51,89 % der .. Die Kosten der erfolglosen Stützungskäufe der Bank of England bezifferten sich auf mehrere Milliarden Pfund. Es folgte eine Wirtschaftskrise mit.
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Referendums have been held in local areas in England, Wales and Scotland since These have covered issues such as local government administration, transport, prohibition , and other local questions.
The areas covered have generally corresponded to local authority areas, civil parishes, or wards , with all local government electors of the relevant area being eligible to vote.
Principal authorities in Great Britain have the ability to hold an advisory referendum on any issue relating to its services, financial provisions, and other matters that are relevant to the area.
A local advisory referendum is not required to follow the legislation governing the conduct of other referendums and elections in the UK.
The local authority can choose how to conduct a local referendum, and may choose to hold the vote solely by post , instead of using polling stations.
These plans included a congestion charge which would have required motorists to pay a fee to enter the city at certain times of the day.
The result was announced on 22 February and the people of Edinburgh had rejected the proposals. Strathclyde Regional Council held a referendum in on the plans of the Conservative UK government to privatise water services within Scotland.
The government planned to sell the three recently established water authorities in Scotland, created under the Local Government etc. Scotland Act as a precursor for privatisation, which would bring Scotland in line with the privatisation in England and Wales.
Strathclyde council, which previously held responsibility for water services, planned the referendum in response to overwhelming public opinion against the move.
Although the referendum had no legal effect, the plan to privatise Scottish water services was eventually dropped. Legislation in England and Wales obliges local authorities to hold and abide by the results of referendums in certain circumstances.
In England, raising Council Tax above a level proscribed by the Local Government Secretary requires approval in a referendum. Only one council tax referendum has been held, on behalf of the Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner , and the rise was rejected.
The Localism Act allows parish councils or local community groups to create neighbourhood development plans. The plans are intended to guide planning decisions within the neighbourhood area, by outlining the amount and type of development that should occur in the area, what land may be built upon and how existing buildings may be reused.
For a plan to come into force, it must be approved by the electorate in the local area in a referendum. Neighbourhood planning referendums have a high success rate, with all being approved as of December A local authority in England and Wales can hold a referendum on changing its executive arrangements between a directly elected mayor, a leader and cabinet, and in England only, a committee system.
If successful, the council must change its governance system, and hold an election for the mayor if necessary.
The process differs between England and Wales. In England, a referendum can be held on moving between any of the three systems, and following the vote another referendum may not be held for 10 years.
A council is not required to hold a referendum to change its executive arrangements, [note 2] but a change that has occurred as a result of a referendum can only be changed following another referendum.
In Wales, a council must hold a referendum to change between a mayor and leader and cabinet, with the minimum period between votes set at five years.
Fifty-three referendums have taken place in local authorities to establish whether there is support for directly elected mayors.
Sixteen were successful and a mayoralty was established; in thirty-seven local authorities an elected mayor was rejected by voters.
An additional six referendums have been held on removing the post of elected mayor, with three mayoralties being retained, and three disestablished.
Two referendums have been held in response to a petition on moving to a committee system, in the Borough of Fylde and in West Dorset.
Both referendums were successful. The temperance movement led to two countries of the UK gaining the right to hold referendums on the sale of alcohol in the local area, upon the request of a number of local electors.
The Temperance Scotland Act provided that polls could be held in small local areas in Scotland to determine whether to instate a level of prohibition on the purchase of alcoholic beverages ; the provisions were later incorporated into the Licensing Scotland Act Between and 1, such polls were held, with the vast majority 1, held before The Act was extended to Monmouthshire in Under the terms of the Licensing Act , on the application of local electors, a referendum could be held in each local government area at seven-year intervals on whether that district should be "wet" or "dry" on the Sabbath.
Most districts in the border area and the southern industrial area went "wet" in or , with most others following suit in The whole of Wales was "wet" from , and the facility for further referendums was removed by the Sunday Licensing Act A parish poll is a referendum held in a civic parish under the Local Government Act The poll was initiated by a supporter of the United Kingdom Independence Party , a political party noted for its Euroscepticism.
The poll was criticised by the chairman of the parish council as "little more than a publicity stunt. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Joint Ministerial Committee Legislative consent motions Scotland. United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum, United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Edinburgh road tolls referendum, and Greater Manchester transport referendum, Strathclyde water referendum, England and Wales mayoral referendums.
Archived from the original on 16 November Archived from the original on 31 July Retrieved 19 February EU referendum bill shows only Tories listen".
Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original PDF on 15 August Retrieved 19 May House of Commons Library. Retrieved 3 November Gibraltar was a single voting area, but as Gibraltar was to be treated and included as if it were a part of South West England, its results was included together with the South West England regional count.
The following table shows the breakdown of the voting areas and regional counts that were used for the referendum. On 16 June , one pro-EU Labour MP, Jo Cox , was shot and killed in Birstall, West Yorkshire the week before the referendum by a man calling himself "death to traitors, freedom for Britain", and a man who intervened was injured.
On polling day itself two polling stations in Kingston upon Thames were flooded by rain and had to be relocated.
Although this was widely dismissed as a conspiracy theory, some Leave campaigners advocated that voters should instead use pens to mark their ballot papers.
On polling day in Winchester an emergency call was made to police about "threatening behaviour" outside the polling station.
After questioning a woman who had been offering to lend her pen to voters, the police decided that no offence was being committed. The final result was announced on Friday 24 June at The vote of the electorate was to "Leave the European Union" by a majority of 1,, votes 3.
Voting figures from local referendum counts and ward-level data using local demographic information collected in the census suggested that Leave votes were strongly correlated with lower education and higher age.
EU referendum vote by age and education, based on a YouGov survey. The referendum was criticised for not granting people younger than 18 years of age a vote.
Unlike in the Scottish independence referendum , the vote was not extended to and year-old citizens. Critics argued that these people would live with the consequences of the referendum for longer than those who were able to vote.
Some supporters for the inclusion of these young citizens considered this exclusion a violation of democratic principles and a major shortcoming of the referendum.
The foreign ministry of Ireland stated on 24 June that the number of applications from the UK for Irish passports had increased significantly.
There were more than a hundred reports of racist abuse and hate crime in the immediate aftermath of the referendum, with many citing the plan to leave the European Union.
No more Polish vermin". On 26 June, the London office of the Polish Social and Cultural Association was vandalised with graffiti that was initially characterised as a racist hate crime.
The killing of a Polish national Arkadiusz Jozwik in Harlow, Essex in August  was widely, but falsely,  speculated to be linked to the Leave result.
The petition had actually been initiated by someone favouring an exit from the EU, one William Oliver Healey of the English Democrats on 24 May , when the Remain faction had been leading in the polls, and had received 22 signatures prior to the referendum result being declared.
Healey also claimed that the petition had been "hijacked by the remain campaign". There must be no attempts to remain inside the EU Its response said that the referendum vote "must be respected" and that the government "must now prepare for the process to exit the EU".
On 24 June, the Conservative Party leader and Prime Minister David Cameron announced that he would resign by October because the Leave campaign had been successful in the referendum.
The leadership election was scheduled for 9 September. The new leader would be in place before the autumn conference set to begin on 2 October.
The Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn faced growing criticism from his party, which had supported remaining within the EU, for poor campaigning.
This led to a string of Labour MPs quickly resigning their roles in the party. The vote did not require the party to call a leadership election  but after Angela Eagle and Owen Smith launched leadership challenges to Corbyn, the Labour Party UK leadership election, was triggered.
Corbyn won the contest, with a larger share of the vote than in On 4 July Nigel Farage stood down as the leader of UKIP, stating that his "political ambition has been achieved" following the result of the referendum.
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said on 24 June that it was "clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" and that Scotland had "spoken decisively" with a "strong, unequivocal" vote to remain in the European Union.
In reaction to the lack of a unified pro-EU voice following the referendum, the Liberal Democrats and others discussed the launch of a new centre-left political movement.
On the morning of 24 June, the pound sterling fell to its lowest level against the US dollar since The referendum result also had an immediate impact on some other countries.
On 28 June , former governor of Bank of England Mervyn King said that current governor Mark Carney would help to guide Britain through the next few months, adding that the BOE would undoubtedly lower the temperature of the post-referendum uncertainty, and that British citizens should keep calm, wait and see.
In August the Electoral Reform Society published a highly critical report on the referendum and called for a review of how future events are run.
Looking ahead, the society called for an official organisation to highlight misleading claims and for Office of Communications Ofcom to define the role that broadcasters were expected to play.
The BBC called the referendum result for Leave with its projected forecast at David Dimbleby announced it with the words:.
The remark about was incorrect: On 9 May , Leave. It was specified that among the organisations to be investigated was Cambridge Analytica and its relationship with the Leave.
In the run-up to the Brexit referendum, Prime Minister David Cameron suggested that Russia "might be happy" with a positive Brexit vote, while the Remain campaign accused the Kremlin of secretly backing a "Leave" vote in the referendum.
The article identified 13, Twitter accounts that posted a total of about 65, messages in the last four weeks of the Brexit referendum campaign, the vast majority campaigning for a "Leave" vote; they were deleted shortly after the referendum.
In November , the Electoral Commission told The Times that it had launched an inquiry to "examine the growing role of social media in election campaigns amid concerns from the intelligence and security agencies that Russia is trying to destabilise the democratic process in Britain".
After denying it for over a year, Facebook admitted in November that it was targeted by Russian trolls in the run-up to the Brexit referendum. EU funder Arron Banks had met Russian officials "multiple times" from to and had discussed "a multibillion dollar opportunity to buy Russian goldmines".
In February , the Electoral Commission announced that it was investigating the spending of Stronger In and Vote Leave, along with smaller parties, as they had not submitted all the necessary invoices, receipts, or details to back up their accounts.
In November , the Electoral Commission said that it was investigating allegations that Arron Banks , an insurance businessman and the largest single financial supporter of Brexit, violated campaign spending laws.
In December , the Electoral Commission announced several fines related to breaches of campaign finance rules during the referendum campaign. In May , the Electoral Commission fined Leave.
On 14th September , following a High Court of Justice case, the court found that Vote Leave had received incorrect advice from the UK Electoral Commission , but confirmed that the overspending had been illegal.
Vote Leave subsequently said they would not have paid it without the advice. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Members — elected by parliament Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Women.
Article 50 and negotiations. European Union Referendum Act Campaigning in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, For the positions of backbench MPs and other politicians, see Endorsements in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Opinion polling for the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum.
Issues in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, International reactions to the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum.
Aftermath of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Conservative Party UK leadership election, Labour Party UK leadership election, Proposed second Scottish independence referendum.
Economic effects of Brexit. Russian interference in the Brexit referendum. A long and rocky relationship". Retrieved 2 June Retrieved 19 February EU referendum bill shows only Tories listen".
Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 3 January Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 8 August Tory MP will take forward bill".
Retrieved 5 July Retrieved 17 May Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 28 May Green Party of England and Wales.
Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 12 June Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 29 June EU referendum, tax freeze and right-to-buy".
Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 9 November Archived from the original on 31 May Retrieved 24 September MPs support plan for say on Europe".
Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 2 February This content is released under the Open Parliament Licence v3. Cameron sets June date for UK vote".
Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 21 June UK goes to the polls". Retrieved 23 June Thousands wrongly sent polling cards".
Retrieved 15 February United Kingdom Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 September Cameron accepts advice to change wording of question".
Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 13 April MPs will be allowed free vote on EU referendum — video" Video. David Cameron forced to let ministers campaign for Brexit after fears of a Cabinet resignation".
Retrieved 17 June Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 18 June Pro-Europeans are the real reformers now".
Archived from the original on 17 June Greens to Make Progressive Case for Membership". Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 21 February Alliance Party of Northern Ireland.
Green Party in Northern Ireland: Green Party in Northern Ireland. Archived from the original PDF on 18 November Retrieved 22 December Social Democratic and Labour Party.
Archived from the original on 21 July Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 20 December